Pink Salmon
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Name and Code
Family
Salmonidae - trouts and salmons
Species
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
Taxonomic Authority
(Walbaum, 1792)
Common Name(s)
Pink Salmon
French Name
saumon rose
OMNR Code
071
Family TSN
161931
Parent TSN
161974
Species TSN
161975
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (1996-09-12)
National Rank (NRank)
N5 (2011-09-14)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
SNA (2011-05-05)
COSEWIC Status
none
SARO Status
none
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
introduced
General Abundance
uncommon
Tolerance
intolerant
Economic Importance
sport fish
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; marine*
Environment
pelagic
Trophic Class
invertivore
Thermal Regime
coldwater
Habitat Preference
mid-waters (6-36 m); preferred water temperature range 13-17°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Brood hiders: Lithophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
riverine
Spawning Season
fall
Spawning Month(s)
September-October
Spawning Temperature (°C)
8-14
Fecundity
800-2,800
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; marine*
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
34.3-46.7 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.36-0.88
Age at Maturity (yrs)
2-3
Maximum Length (cm)
83.1 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
6.74
Lifespan (yrs)
2-3
Ontario Range Map
Pink Salmon range
Ontario Distribution
Great Lakes and tributaries (introduced); originate from an unintentional release of hatchery stock into a Lake Superior tributary in 1956
Photograph
Pink Salmon photograph
Notes
* - anadromous life-strategy within native range; indigenous to Pacific coast; adults semelparous; hybrids with Chinook Salmon known as "pinook salmon"
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
83.1 TL
Record Weight (kg)
5.93
Information Sources
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