Ghost Shiner
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Name and Code
Family
Cyprinidae - carps and minnows
Species
Notropis buchanani
Taxonomic Authority
Meek, 1896
Common Name(s)
Ghost Shiner
French Name
méné fantôme
OMNR Code
218
Family TSN
163342
Parent TSN
163399
Species TSN
163414
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (1996-09-16)
National Rank (NRank)
N2 (2013-05-07)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S2 (1997-10-02)
COSEWIC Status
Not at Risk (Apr 1993)
SARO Status
Not at Risk
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native
General Abundance
uncommon
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
none
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
riverine
Environment
benthopelagic
Trophic Class
invertivore
Thermal Regime
warmwater
Habitat Preference
quiet pools and backwaters of small to large rivers or creeks near their confluence with larger rivers, and lakes, with sand or clean gravel substrates and some aquatic vegetation
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Open substratum spawners: Litho-pelagophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
riverine
Spawning Season
summer
Spawning Month(s)
June-August
Spawning Temperature (°C)
19
Fecundity
32-952
Nursery Habitat(s)
riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
3.8-5.1 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.001-0.003
Age at Maturity (yrs)
1-2
Maximum Length (cm)
6.6 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
no data
Lifespan (yrs)
2
Ontario Range Map
Ghost Shiner range
Ontario Distribution
southern Lake Huron tribuatries, Lake St. Clair and tributaries, Thames River, Sydenham River, Ausable River, St. Clair River, Detroit River
Photograph
Ghost Shiner photograph
Notes
first recognized from Ontario in 1972; tolerant of siltation and turbidity; use as live bait prohibited
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
5.8 TL
Record Weight (kg)
none
Information Sources
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COSEWIC. 2016. Canadian wildlife species at risk. October 2016. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Gatineau, QC. iv + 113 pp.
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Etnier, D.A. and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. [2nd printing, 2001]. The University of Tennessee Press. Knoxville, TN. xiv + 689 pp.
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Holm, E. and J. Houston. 1993. Status of the Ghost Shiner, Notropis buchanani, in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 107(4):440-445.
Holm, E., N. Mandrak, and M. Burridge. 2009. The ROM field guide to freshwater fishes of Ontario. Royal Ontario Museum Science Publication. Toronto, ON. 462 pp.
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