American Brook Lamprey
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Name and Code
Family
Petromyzontidae - lampreys
Species
Lethenteron appendix
Taxonomic Authority
(DeKay, 1842)
Common Name(s)
American Brook Lamprey
French Name
lamproie de l'est
OMNR Code
011
Family TSN
159697
Parent TSN
159700
Species TSN
159708
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G4 (2012-02-21)
National Rank (NRank)
N3N4 (2012-01-27)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S3 (1988-11-22)
COSEWIC Status
none
SARO Status
none
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native
General Abundance
uncommon
Tolerance
intolerant
Economic Importance
none
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
riverine
Environment
benthic
Trophic Class
herbivore
Thermal Regime
coldwater
Habitat Preference
adults in gravel/sand riffles and runs of creeks and small- to medium-sized rivers with strong flow and clear waters; ammocoetes in sandy or silty pools; preferred water temperature range 9-12°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Brood hiders: Lithophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
riverine
Spawning Season
spring
Spawning Month(s)
April-May
Spawning Temperature (°C)
9-15.5
Fecundity
860-5,185
Nursery Habitat(s)
riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
13.5-20.8 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.003-0.012
Age at Maturity (yrs)
4-5
Maximum Length (cm)
31.7 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
0.078
Lifespan (yrs)
5-6
Ontario Range Map
American Brook Lamprey range
Ontario Distribution
Lake Ontario tributaries, Lake Erie tributaries, St. Marys River, Detroit River, Lake Superior tributaries, Lake Huron tributaries, Ottawa River
Photograph
American Brook Lamprey photograph
Notes
adults nonparasitic and semelparous; sensitive to pollution and turbidity
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
23.0 TL
Record Weight (kg)
none
Information Sources
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