Round Goby
Return To Search
Name and Code
Family
Gobiidae - gobies
Species
Neogobius melanostomus
Taxonomic Authority
(Pallus, 1814)
Common Name(s)
Round Goby
French Name
gobie à tâches noires
OMNR Code
366
Family TSN
171746
Parent TSN
172067
Species TSN
172072
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2002-09-20)
National Rank (NRank)
NNA (1998-11-06)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
SNA (1998-11-03)
COSEWIC Status
none
SARO Status
none
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
introduced
General Abundance
common
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
invasive species
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Environment
benthic
Trophic Class
invertivore
Thermal Regime
coolwater
Habitat Preference
cobble, gravel and sandy substrates in the lower to middle reaches of rivers and nearshore of lakes (to 20 m); optimum water temperature range 23-26°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Guarders: Substratum choosers: Lithophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Spawning Season
spring-summer
Spawning Month(s)
May-July
Spawning Temperature (°C)
9-26
Fecundity
252-1,818
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
7.6-15.2 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.006-0.050
Age at Maturity (yrs)
2-3 (m); 1-2 (f)
Maximum Length (cm)
24.6 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
no data
Lifespan (yrs)
4-5 (m); 3-4 (f)
Ontario Range Map
Round Goby range
Ontario Distribution
Great Lakes and tributaries, St. Lawrence River, Lake Simcoe, Rice Lake, Trent River; introduced with ballast water and first reported from the St. Clair River in 1990; rapidly expanding its range
Photograph
Round Goby photograph
Notes
native to Black and Caspian Sea basins; tolerant of low dissolved oxygen, turbidity and a wide range of water temperatures; use as live bait prohibited
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
19.5 TL
Record Weight (kg)
0.100
Information Sources
Bernatchez, L. and M. Giroux. 2000. Les poissons d’eau douce du Québec et leur répartition dans l’Est du Canada. Broquet Inc. Saint-Constant, QC. 350 pp.
Charlebois, P.M., J.E. Marsden, R.G. Goettel, R.K. Wolfe, D.J. Jude, and S. Rudnika. 1997. The Round Goby, Neogobius melanostomus (Pallus), a review of European and North American literature. Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant Program and Illinois Natural History Survey. INHS Special Publication No. 20. 76 pp.
Coad, B.W. with H. Waszczuk and I. Labignan. 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions. Ottawa and Waterdown, ON. viii + 928 pp.
Coker, G.A., C.B. Portt, and C.K. Minns. 2001. Morphological and ecological characteristics of Canadian freshwater fishes. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2554:iv+89p.
Corkum, L.D., A.J. MacInnis, and R.G. Wickett. 1998. Reproductive habits of Round Gobies. Great Lakes Research Review 3(2):13-20.
Crossman, E.J., E. Holm, R. Cholmondeley, and K. Tuininga. 1992. First record for Canada of the Rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus, and notes on the introduced Round Goby, Neogobius melanostomus. Can. Field-Nat. 106(2):206-209.
Cudmore, B. and N.E. Mandrak. 2011. The baitfish primer: a guide to identifying and protecting Ontario’s baitfishes. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Bait Association of Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters. 40 pp.
Cudmore-Vokey, B. and E.J. Crossman. 2000. Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2550:v+39p.
Desroches, J-F. and I. Picard. 2013. Poissons d’eau douce du Québec et des Maritimes. Éditions Michel Quintin. Waterloo, QC. 471 pp.
Ditz, K., A. Dextrase, and E. Holm. 2009. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources fish species codes & common names. Ichthyology and Herpetology, Royal Ontario Museum. May 1994. Revised September 2005 by A. Dextrase, MNR and modified January 2009 by E. Holm, ROM.
Holm, E., N. Mandrak, and M. Burridge. 2009. The ROM field guide to freshwater fishes of Ontario. Royal Ontario Museum Science Publication. Toronto, ON. 462 pp.
Hubbs, C.L., K.F. Lagler, and G.R. Smith. 2004. Fishes of the Great Lakes region, revised edition. University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor, MI. xvii + 276 pp.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2014. On-line database. (http://www.itis.gov), accessed 07 June 2014.
Jude, D.J. 1997. Round Gobies: cyberfish of the third millennium. Great Lakes Research Review 3(1):27-34.
Jude. D.J., J. Janssen, and G. Crawford. 1995. Ecology, distribution, and impact of the newly introduced Round and Tubenose Gobies in the biota of the St. Clair and Detroit Rivers. Pages 447-460 in M. Munawar, T. Edsall, and J. Leach [Eds]. The Lake Huron ecosystem: ecology, fisheries and management. Ecovision World Monograph Series. SPB Academic Publishing. The Netherlands.
Jude. D.J., R.H. Reider, and G.R. Smith. 1992. Establishment of Gobiidae in the Great Lakes basin. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49:416-421.
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof. 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Cornol, Switzerland. xiii + 646 p.
Lane, P.A., C.B. Portt, and C.K. Minns. 1996. Nursery habitat characteristics of Great Lakes fishes. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2338:v+42p.
Lane, P.A., C.B. Portt, and C.K. Minns. 1996. Adult habitat characteristics of Great Lakes fishes. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2358:v+43p.
Lane, P.A., C.B. Portt, and C.K. Minns. 1996. Spawning habitat characteristics of Great Lakes fishes. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2368:v+48p.
Lui, K., M. Butler, M. Allen, E. Snyder, J. da Silva, B. Brownson and A. Ecclestone. 2010. Field guide to aquatic invasive species (3rd Edition): identification, collection and reporting of aquatic invasive species in Ontario waters. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.
Mandrak, N.E. and E.J. Crossman. 1992. A checklist of Ontario freshwater fishes annotated with distribution maps. Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Miscellaneous Publication. Toronto, ON. v + 176 pp.
NatureServe. 2015. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe. Arlington, Virginia. (http://www.natureserve.org/explorer), accessed 11 June 2016.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico, second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Boston, MA. xix + 663 pp.
Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden, and J.S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. 7th Edition. American Fisheries Society, Spec. Publ. 34. Bethesda, MD. 243 pp.
Portt, C.B., G. Coker, and C.K. Minns. 1999. Riverine Habitat Characteristics of Fishes of the Great Lakes Watershed. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2481:vi+62p.
Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184. [1998 Reprint] Galt House Publications Ltd. Oakville, ON. xx + 966 pp.
Scharpf, C. 2009. Annotated checklist of North American freshwater fishes, including subspecies and undescribed forms. Part V: Sciaenidae through Achiridae (plus supplemental material). American Currents 35(1):1-32.
Stauffer, Jr., J.R., R.W. Criswell and D.P. Fischer. 2016. The fishes of Pennsylvania. Cichlid Press. El Paso, TX. 556 pp.
Trebitz, A.S., J.C. Brazner, V.J. Brady, R. Axler, and D.K. Tanner. 2007. Turbidity tolerances of Great Lakes coastal wetland fishes. N. Amer. J. Fish. Man. 27:619-633.
Weimer, M.T. and S.M. Keppner. 2000. The Round Goby (Neogobius melanostomus) in Lake Erie. Great Lakes Research Review 5(1):19-24.
Werner, R.G. 2004. Freshwater fishes of the northeastern United States: a field guide. Syracuse University Press. Syracuse, NY. xiv + 335 pp.
Winterton, G. [Ed]. 2005. The comprehensive bait guide for eastern Canada, the Great Lakes region and northeastern United States: identifying, harvesting and culture of baitfishes, crayfishes, frogs and leeches. University of Toronto Press. Toronto, ON. iv + 437 pp.