Walleye (yellow pickerel)
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Name and Code
Family
Percidae - perches and darters
Species
Sander vitreus
Taxonomic Authority
(Mitchill, 1818)
Common Name(s)
Walleye (yellow pickerel)
French Name
doré jaune
OMNR Code
334
Family TSN
168356
Parent TSN
650162
Species TSN
650173
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2015-08-17)
National Rank (NRank)
N5 (2015-08-17)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S5 (1997-10-08)
COSEWIC Status
none
SARO Status
none
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native
General Abundance
common
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
commercial fishery; sport fish
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Environment
benthopelagic
Trophic Class
invertivore/carnivore
Thermal Regime
coolwater
Habitat Preference
lakes (at depths up to 21 m), and pools, backwaters and runs of medium to large rivers; preferred water temperature range 19-23°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Open substratum spawners: Litho-pelagophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Spawning Season
spring
Spawning Month(s)
April-June
Spawning Temperature (°C)
4-11
Fecundity
22,000-615,000
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
30.5-76.2 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.2-4.2
Age at Maturity (yrs)
3-4 (m); 4-5 (f)
Maximum Length (cm)
106.6 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
11.42
Lifespan (yrs)
12-26
Ontario Range Map
Walleye (yellow pickerel) range
Ontario Distribution
widespread throughout the province
Photograph
Walleye (yellow pickerel) photograph
Notes
hybrids with Sauger called "saugeye"; hybrids with Blue Pike occurred in Lake Erie (known as "greys"); moderately tolerant of turbidity
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
94.0 TL
Record Weight (kg)
10.09
Information Sources
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