Blue Pike (blue walleye)
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Name and Code
Percidae - perches and darters
Sander vitreus glaucus
Taxonomic Authority
Hubbs, 1926
Common Name(s)
Blue Pike (blue walleye)
French Name
doré bleu
Family TSN
Parent TSN
Species TSN
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5TX (1996-09-25)
National Rank (NRank)
NX (2013-01-03)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
SX (1988-11-22)
Extinct (May 2000)
SARO Status
AFS Status
Extinct (1,2,4)
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
General Abundance
Economic Importance
commercial fishery (historical)
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
Trophic Class
Thermal Regime
Habitat Preference
deep, cool, and slightly turbid waters over coarse substrates, usually below 12.2 m; preferred water temperature range 15-21°C
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Open substratum spawners: Litho-pelagophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
Spawning Season
Spawning Month(s)
Spawning Temperature (°C)
Nursery Habitat(s)
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
24.1-45.7 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
Age at Maturity (yrs)
3 (m); 4 (f)
Maximum Length (cm)
67.1 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
Lifespan (yrs)
Ontario Range Map
Blue Pike (blue walleye) range
Ontario Distribution
formerly occurred in Lake Erie, Lake Ontario and the Niagara River; last reported from Lake Erie in 1965
Blue Pike (blue walleye) photograph
subspecies of Walleye; more common in deeper, cooler eastern basin of Lake Erie; hybrids with Walleye called "greys"
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
45.8 TL
Record Weight (kg)
Information Sources
Campbell, R.R. 1987. Status of the Blue Walleye, Stizostedion vitreum glaucum, in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 101(2):245-252.
Carlander, K.D. 1997. Handbook of freshwater fishery biology. Volume three. Life history data on Ichthyopercid and Percid fishes of the United States and Canada. Iowa State University Press. Ames, IA. xix + 397 pp.
Coad, B.W. with H. Waszczuk and I. Labignan. 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions. Ottawa and Waterdown, ON. viii + 928 pp.
Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press. University Park and London. vii + 243 pp.
COSEWIC. 2017. Canadian wildlife species at risk. October 2017. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Gatineau, QC. iv + 119 pp.
Cudmore-Vokey, B. and E.J. Crossman. 2000. Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2550:v+39p.
Ditz, K., A. Dextrase, and E. Holm. 2009. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources fish species codes & common names. Ichthyology and Herpetology, Royal Ontario Museum. May 1994. Revised September 2005 by A. Dextrase, MNR and modified January 2009 by E. Holm, ROM.
Goodyear, C.S., T.A. Edsall, D.M. Ormsby Dempsey, G.D. Moss, and P.E. Polanski. 1982. Atlas of the spawning and nursery areas of Great Lakes fishes. Volume thirteen: Reproductive characteristics of Great Lakes fishes. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC. FWS/OBS-82/52.
Holm, E., N. Mandrak, and M. Burridge. 2009. The ROM field guide to freshwater fishes of Ontario. Royal Ontario Museum Science Publication. Toronto, ON. 462 pp.
Hubbs, C.L. and K.F. Lagler. 1964. Fishes of the Great Lakes region. University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor, MI. xv + 213 pp.
Hubbs, C.L., K.F. Lagler, and G.R. Smith. 2004. Fishes of the Great Lakes region, revised edition. University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor, MI. xvii + 276 pp.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2014. On-line database. (, accessed 07 June 2014.
Jelks, H.L., S.J. Walsh, N.M. Burkhead, S. Contreras-Balderas, E. Díaz-Pardo, D.A. Hendrickson, J. Lyons, N.E. Mandrak, F. McCormick, J.S. Nelson, S.P. Platania, B.A. Porter, C.B. Renaud, J. J. Schmitter-Soto, E.B. Taylor, and M.L. Warren, Jr. 2008. Conservation status of imperiled North American freshwater and diadromous fishes. Fisheries 33(8):372-407.
Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History Publication 1980-12. Raleigh, NC. x + 867 pp.
Mandrak, N.E. and E.J. Crossman. 1992. A checklist of Ontario freshwater fishes annotated with distribution maps. Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Miscellaneous Publication. Toronto, ON. v + 176 pp.
McAllister, D.E., B.J. Parker, and P.M. McKee. 1985. Rare, endangered and extinct fishes in Canada. Syllogeus 54. National Museum of Natural Sciences. Ottawa, ON. 192 pp.
NatureServe. 2015. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe. Arlington, Virginia. (, accessed 11 June 2016.
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR). 2013. Extinct, not at risk and data deficient species in Ontario list, 18 April 2013.
Scott, W.B. 1967. Freshwater fishes of eastern Canada, second edition. University of Toronto Press. Toronto, ON. xii + 137 pp.
Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184. [1998 Reprint] Galt House Publications Ltd. Oakville, ON. xx + 966 pp.
Scharpf, C. 2008. Annotated checklist of North American freshwater fishes, including subspecies and undescribed forms. Part IV: Cottidae through Percidae. American Currents 34(4):1-43.
Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY. xi + 522 pp.
Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio with illustrated keys, revised edition. Ohio State University Press. Columbus, OH. xxv + 782 pp.