River Darter
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Name and Code
Family
Percidae - perches and darters
Species
Percina shumardi
Taxonomic Authority
(Girard, 1859)
Common Name(s)
River Darter
French Name
dard de rivière
OMNR Code
345
Family TSN
168356
Parent TSN
168471
Species TSN
168497
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2015-08-17)
National Rank (NRank)
N5 (2015-08-17)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S3 (1988-11-01)
COSEWIC Status
Endangered*, Not at Risk (Apr 2016)
SARO Status
Endangered*
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native
General Abundance
uncommon
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
baitfish (incidental)
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Environment
benthic
Trophic Class
invertivore
Thermal Regime
warmwater
Habitat Preference
cobble- or boulder-strewn gravel-bottomed riffles with fair to moderate current in small to large rivers and clear sandy channels in lakes
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Brood hiders: Lithophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
riverine
Spawning Season
spring
Spawning Month(s)
April-June
Spawning Temperature (°C)
9-12
Fecundity
375-1,096
Nursery Habitat(s)
riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
4.6-7.5 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.001-0.005
Age at Maturity (yrs)
1-2
Maximum Length (cm)
9.5 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
0.0051
Lifespan (yrs)
3-4
Ontario Range Map
River Darter range
Ontario Distribution
northwestern Ontario; small area of southwestern Ontario including Lake St. Clair, Sydenham River, Thames River; first reported from Ontario in 1931
Photograph
River Darter photograph
Notes
* - Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations; more tolerant of turbidity than other darters
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
7.6 TL
Record Weight (kg)
none
Information Sources
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COSEWIC. 2016. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the River Darter Percina shumardi, Saskatchewan – Nelson River populations, Southern Hudson Bay – James Bay populations and Great Lakes-Upper St. Lawrence populations, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. xix + 53 pp.
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