Northern Sunfish
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Name and Code
Family
Centrarchidae - sunfishes
Species
Lepomis peltastes
Taxonomic Authority
Cope, 1870
Common Name(s)
Northern Sunfish
French Name
crapet du nord
OMNR Code
315
Family TSN
168093
Parent TSN
168130
Species TSN
936897
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2013-01-18)
National Rank (NRank)
N3 (2011-09-13)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S3 (2016-10-19)
COSEWIC Status
Special Concern*, Not at Risk (Apr 2016)
SARO Status
Special Concern*
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native/introduced
General Abundance
uncommon
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
none
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Environment
benthopelagic
Trophic Class
invertivore
Thermal Regime
warmwater
Habitat Preference
warm, clear, quiet pools in creeks and rivers, ponds and lake shallows with aquatic vegetation and sand/silt/marl substrates; preferred water temperature 21°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Guarders: Nest spawners: Polyphils
Spawning Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Spawning Season
summer
Spawning Month(s)
June-July
Spawning Temperature (°C)
21-25
Fecundity
480-3,560
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
7.5-12.2 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.006-0.036
Age at Maturity (yrs)
2-3
Maximum Length (cm)
17.0 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
no data
Lifespan (yrs)
6-9
Ontario Range Map
Northern Sunfish range
Ontario Distribution
southwestern, eastern and northwestern Ontario; introduced to Kawartha Lakes
Photograph
Northern Sunfish photograph
Notes
* - Great Lakes - Upper St. Lawrence populations; hybrids with Pumpkinseed and other sunfishes (Lepomis spp.) reported; intolerant of siltation and pollution; sensitive to removal of aquatic vegetation; formerly considered a subspecies of Lepomis megalotis
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
17.0 TL
Record Weight (kg)
none
Information Sources
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