Fourhorn Sculpin
Return To Search
Name and Code
Family
Cottidae - sculpins
Species
Myoxocephalus quadricornis
Taxonomic Authority
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name(s)
Fourhorn Sculpin
French Name
chaboisseau à quatre cornes
OMNR Code
387
Family TSN
167196
Parent TSN
167311
Species TSN
167316
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2015-08-18)
National Rank (NRank)
N5 (2015-08-18)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S2? (2003-06-26)
COSEWIC Status
Not at Risk* (Apr 1989)
SARO Status
none
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native
General Abundance
limited distribution
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
none
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
riverine; estuarine; marine
Environment
benthic
Trophic Class
invertivore
Thermal Regime
coldwater
Habitat Preference
nearshore in shallow (<20 m), brackish waters and coastal rivers; preferred water temperature range 1-9°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Guarders: Nest spawners: Lithophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
estuarine; marine
Spawning Season
winter
Spawning Month(s)
December-January
Spawning Temperature (°C)
0-2
Fecundity
792-6,150
Nursery Habitat(s)
estuarine; marine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
15.6-25.4 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.025-0.13
Age at Maturity (yrs)
3-5
Maximum Length (cm)
36.5 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
0.40
Lifespan (yrs)
11 (m); 14 (f)
Ontario Range Map
Fourhorn Sculpin range
Ontario Distribution
Hudson Bay and tributaries, James Bay and tributaries
Photograph
Fourhorn Sculpin photograph
Notes
* - the freshwater form that occurs in the Arctic is designated by COSEWIC as Data Deficient (Nov 2003); sensitive to pollution
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
25.5 TL
Record Weight (kg)
none
Information Sources
Bernatchez, L. and M. Giroux. 2000. Les poissons d’eau douce du Québec et leur répartition dans l’Est du Canada. Broquet Inc. Saint-Constant, QC. 350 pp.
Coad, B.W. with H. Waszczuk and I. Labignan. 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions. Ottawa and Waterdown, ON. viii + 928 pp.
Coker, G.A., C.B. Portt, and C.K. Minns. 2001. Morphological and ecological characteristics of Canadian freshwater fishes. Can. MS Rpt. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2554:iv+89p.
COSEWIC. 2003. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Fourhorn Sculpin Myoxocephalus quadricornis (freshwater form) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vi + 24 pp.
COSEWIC. 2017. Canadian wildlife species at risk. October 2017. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Gatineau, QC. iv + 119 pp.
Desroches, J-F. and I. Picard. 2013. Poissons d’eau douce du Québec et des Maritimes. Éditions Michel Quintin. Waterloo, QC. 471 pp.
Ditz, K., A. Dextrase, and E. Holm. 2009. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources fish species codes & common names. Ichthyology and Herpetology, Royal Ontario Museum. May 1994. Revised September 2005 by A. Dextrase, MNR and modified January 2009 by E. Holm, ROM.
Goldstein, R.M. and T.P. Simon. 1999. Toward a united definition of guild structure for feeding ecology of North American freshwater fishes. Pages 123-202 in T.P. Simon [Ed]. Assessing the sustainability and biological integrity of water resources using fish communities. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. xx + 671 pp.
Goodyear, C.S., T.A. Edsall, D.M. Ormsby Dempsey, G.D. Moss, and P.E. Polanski. 1982. Atlas of the spawning and nursery areas of Great Lakes fishes. Volume thirteen: Reproductive characteristics of Great Lakes fishes. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC. FWS/OBS-82/52.
Hasnain, S.S, C.K. Minns, and B.J. Shuter. 2010. Key ecological temperature metrics for Canadian freshwater fishes. Climate change research report: CCRR-17. Applied Research and Development Branch, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Sault Ste. Marie, ON. 54 pp.
Houston, J. 1990. Status of the Fourhorn Sculpin, Myoxocephalus quadricornis, in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 104(1):7-13.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2014. On-line database. (http://www.itis.gov), accessed 07 June 2014.
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof. 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Cornol, Switzerland. xiii + 646 p.
Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History Publication 1980-12. Raleigh, NC. x + 867 pp.
Mandrak, N.E. and E.J. Crossman. 1992. A checklist of Ontario freshwater fishes annotated with distribution maps. Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Miscellaneous Publication. Toronto, ON. v + 176 pp.
McPhail, J.D. and C.C. Lindsey. 1970. Freshwater fishes of northwestern Canada and Alaska. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 173. Ottawa, ON. 381 pp.
NatureServe. 2015. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe. Arlington, Virginia. (http://www.natureserve.org/explorer), accessed 11 June 2016.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico, second edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Boston, MA. xix + 663 pp.
Page, L.M., H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, N.E. Mandrak, R.L. Mayden, and J.S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. 7th Edition. American Fisheries Society, Spec. Publ. 34. Bethesda, MD. 243 pp.
Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184. [1998 Reprint] Galt House Publications Ltd. Oakville, ON. xx + 966 pp.
Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219. University of Toronto Press. Toronto, ON. xxx + 731 pp.
Scharpf, C. 2008. Annotated checklist of North American freshwater fishes, including subspecies and undescribed forms. Part IV: Cottidae through Percidae. American Currents 34(4):1-43.
Stewart, K.W. and D.A. Watkinson. 2004. The freshwater fishes of Manitoba. University of Manitoba Press. Winnipeg, MB. xvii + 276 pp.