Spoonhead Sculpin
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Name and Code
Cottidae - sculpins
Cottus ricei
Taxonomic Authority
(Nelson, 1876)
Common Name(s)
Spoonhead Sculpin
French Name
chabot à tête plate
Family TSN
Parent TSN
Species TSN
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2015-08-17)
National Rank (NRank)
N5 (2015-08-17)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S4 (1997-10-10)
Not at Risk (Apr 1989)
SARO Status
Not at Risk
AFS Status
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
General Abundance
Economic Importance
forage fish
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine; estuarine
Trophic Class
Thermal Regime
Habitat Preference
deep waters (50-90 m) of lakes and rocky areas in cold, swift creeks and small to medium rivers; preferred water temperature range 4-8°C
Reproductive Guild
Guarders: Nest spawners: Speleophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Spawning Season
Spawning Month(s)
Spawning Temperature (°C)
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
5.1-8.4 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
Age at Maturity (yrs)
Maximum Length (cm)
13.5 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
Lifespan (yrs)
Ontario Range Map
Spoonhead Sculpin range
Ontario Distribution
northwestern, northeastern and central Ontario in suitable habitats including the Great Lakes; extirpated from Lakes Erie and Ontario
Spoonhead Sculpin photograph
enters brackish waters in estuaries of James Bay; often associated with Deepwater Sculpin and Ninespine Stickleback
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
12.0 TL
Record Weight (kg)
Information Sources
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