Fourspine Stickleback
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Name and Code
Family
Gasterosteidae - sticklebacks
Species
Apeltes quadracus
Taxonomic Authority
(Mitchill, 1815)
Common Name(s)
Fourspine Stickleback
French Name
épinoche à quatre épines
OMNR Code
284
Family TSN
166363
Parent TSN
166396
Species TSN
166397
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2011-10-20)
National Rank (NRank)
N5 (1996-12-05)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
SNA (1997-10-09)
COSEWIC Status
none
SARO Status
none
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
introduced
General Abundance
limited distribution
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
none
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; estuarine*; marine*
Environment
benthopelagic
Trophic Class
planktivore
Thermal Regime
coolwater
Habitat Preference
shallow, brackish estuarine waters; occasionally streams and lakes
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Guarders: Nest spawners: Ariadnophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
lacustrine; estuarine*; marine*
Spawning Season
spring-summer
Spawning Month(s)
May-July
Spawning Temperature (°C)
16-18
Fecundity
10-214
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; estuarine*; marine*
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
3.6-5.8 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.0004-0.0013
Age at Maturity (yrs)
1 (m); 1-2 (f)
Maximum Length (cm)
6.6 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
no data
Lifespan (yrs)
1 (m); 2 (f)
Ontario Range Map
Fourspine Stickleback range
Ontario Distribution
Thunder Bay Harbour, Black Bay (Lake Superior); introduced with ballast water to Lake Superior; first reported from Ontario waters in 1986
Photograph
Fourspine Stickleback photograph
Notes
* - within native range; indigenous to Atlantic coast; typically a marine species that frequents estuaries; use as live bait prohibited
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
5.3 TL
Record Weight (kg)
none
Information Sources
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