Brook Silverside
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Name and Code
Family
Atherinopsidae - New World silversides
Species
Labidesthes sicculus
Taxonomic Authority
(Cope, 1865)
Common Name(s)
Brook Silverside
French Name
crayon-d'argent
OMNR Code
361
Family TSN
165984
Parent TSN
166015
Species TSN
166916
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (2012-02-21)
National Rank (NRank)
N4 (1997-03-21)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
S4 (1997-03-21)
COSEWIC Status
Not at Risk (Apr 1989)
SARO Status
Not at Risk
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native
General Abundance
common
Tolerance
intermediate
Economic Importance
forage fish
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Environment
pelagic
Trophic Class
planktivore/invertivore
Thermal Regime
warmwater
Habitat Preference
surface waters (10-12 cm) of lakes and reservoirs, usually in open water, and quiet pools of rivers; preferred water temperature 24.5°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Open substratum spawners: Phyto-lithophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Spawning Season
spring-summer
Spawning Month(s)
May-August
Spawning Temperature (°C)
17-23
Fecundity
73-785
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
6.4-9.7 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.001-0.004
Age at Maturity (yrs)
1
Maximum Length (cm)
11.2 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
no data
Lifespan (yrs)
1
Ontario Range Map
Brook Silverside range
Ontario Distribution
St. Lawrence River and tributaries, lower Ottawa River and tributaries, Lake Ontario and tributaries, Lake Erie and tributaries, Lake St. Clair and tributaries, Lake Huron and tributaries
Photograph
Brook Silverside photograph
Notes
tolerant of turbidity; fractional spawner; adults die shortly after spawning; strong schooling tendency; most active during daytime; use as live bait prohibited
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
9.6 TL
Record Weight (kg)
none
Information Sources
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