Arctic Char
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Name and Code
Family
Salmonidae - trouts and salmons
Species
Salvelinus alpinus
Taxonomic Authority
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name(s)
Arctic Char
French Name
omble chevalier
OMNR Code
079
Family TSN
161931
Parent TSN
161999
Species TSN
162001
Conservation Status
Global Rank (GRank)
G5 (1996-09-12)
National Rank (NRank)
N5 (2012-01-26)
Provincial Rank (SRank)
SU (1997-10-02)
COSEWIC Status
none
SARO Status
none
AFS Status
none
Ecological Value
Ontario Origin
native/introduced
General Abundance
limited distribution
Tolerance
intolerant
Economic Importance
aboriginal fishery
Habitat and Feeding
General Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine; estuarine
Environment
benthopelagic
Trophic Class
invertivore/carnivore
Thermal Regime
coldwater
Habitat Preference
estuaries, deep runs and pools of medium to large coldwater rivers and lakes; usually at depths <3 m; preferred water temperature 11.3°C
Reproduction
Reproductive Guild
Nonguarders: Brood hiders: Lithophils
Spawning Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Spawning Season
fall
Spawning Month(s)
September-October
Spawning Temperature (°C)
2-7
Fecundity
1,182-9,245
Nursery Habitat(s)
lacustrine; riverine
Size and Age
Adult Length (cm)
38.1-63.5 TL
Adult Weight (kg)
0.6-3.0
Age at Maturity (yrs)
7-14
Maximum Length (cm)
101.6 TL
Maximum Weight (kg)
16.0
Lifespan (yrs)
16-24
Ontario Range Map
Arctic Char range
Ontario Distribution
Hudson Bay tributaries
Photograph
Arctic Char photograph
Notes
amphidromous life-strategy, although some remain in freshwater; spawning interval 2-3 years
Ontario Records
Record Length (cm)
none
Record Weight (kg)
7.2
Information Sources
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